Biomasses

Biomass is defined as a renewable energy source, that is derived from biological material. Nowadays, biomass is mainly used to generate electricity or produce heat. Biomass can be categorised in four types:

  • Woody biomass made of forest residues (such as dead trees, branches and tree stumps), yard clippings and wood chips;
  • By products of agricultural processes such as palm kernel expellers, coffee husks, rice husks and olive cake;
  • Waste from households and industry, for example as vegetable/fruit/gardening waste, garbage, demolition wood and residues from the timber industry;
  • Cultivated energy crops such as eucalyptus trees for dedicated biomass use.

TLR international laboratories is accredited according to the ISO 17025 standard for a large number of analyses, such as:

  • Ultimate analyses (Hydrogen, Carbon, Sulphur, Nitrogen and Oxygen)
  • Proximate analyses (Moisture, Ash, Volatiles and Calorific Value)
  • Ash Composition (SiO2, Al2O3, Fe2O3, TiO2, P2O5, CaO, MgO, Na2O, K2O, MnO2, SO3, etc.)
  • Ash Fusion Temperature
  • Hard Grove Index for torrified materials
  • Metals
  • Anions (total Fluorine, Chlorine and Bromide
  • Particle size of pellets
  • Ash sieve tests
  • Granulometry of woodchips and wood pellets
  • Characterisation test
  • Mechanical durability
  • Radioactivity (Caesium 134 and Caesium 137)
  • Dust